The Uganda Agreement Of 1900

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The first direct contact between Uganda and the outside world came with the arrival of Arab-Muslim traders from Zanzibar in 1884. In 1877, the first missionaries of the Anglican Church of England arrived in Buganda, followed two years later by Catholics. [3] It was remarkable that British colonial officials entered Uganda through a centralized kingdom and not through a number of separate societies, as they had done elsewhere in East Africa. [3] On Tuesday, March 10, the 120th anniversary of the Kingdom of Buganda under Kabaka (King) Daudi Chwa slept with the British. The signing of the agreement not only took away the rights of the kingdom, but paved the way for the tutelage and plundering of other parts of Uganda. The agreement anchored British rule in Buganda and also gave the Baganda the opportunity to extend their influence to other parts of the country. Territories that were not under the kingdoms were taken over by Buganda`s neocolonial agents such as Semei Kakungulu. However, with the signing of the 1900 Agreement, land was allocated to Kabaka, its family members and its leaders, as civil servants and also as individuals. The land issue was addressed in Article 15, which estimated the total area of land in Buganda at 19,600 square miles. But the agreement also stipulated that if a survey were to be conducted, and it was found that Buganda had less than 19,600 square miles, „then the part of the country that must be entrusted to Her Majesty`s Government will be reduced to the extent by the lack found in the estimated area.” After the agreement came into force, the country was divided in Buganda to Mailo and Kronland. Mailo Land belonged to the von Buganda government and its officials, while the Crown belonged to the protectorate government.

Their arrival in Uganda was made difficult by the presence of Catholic and Protestant missionaries and by the Buganda war of succession that followed between 1888 and 1892. [4] This religiously inspired civil war coincided with the imperial ambitions of Great Britain, which was trying to secure Uganda as a colony because it was important for access to the Nile. [3] During the war, British colonial agents, according to the chief constable, Captain Frederick Lugard of the Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC), supported the Protestant faction led by Prime Minister (Katikiro) Apollo Kagwa. [4] Soon, IBEAC relinquished its control over Uganda after the wars forced it into bankruptcy. [3] Before the agreement was signed, the whole country in Buganda belonged to Kabaka, hence the title Sabataka. Daudi Chwa, who was a minor at the signing of the agreement, said that at the age of majority, he said that British control had watered down his authority. My current position is so early that I am no longer the direct leader of my people. I am regarded by my subjects only as one of the paid British servants. This is because I don`t really have power over my people, not even the smallest leader,” Chwa said after Baganda and the British domination of Low and Pratt in 1900-1995. Every order given, whether by my local leader or by the Lukiiko himself, is always regarded with contempt, unless confirmed by the district commissioner. Chwa`s oath showed how enslaved Buganda had been. The country of Mailo was subdivided between members of the royal family, Reich officials and a few individuals.

Other beneficiaries were religious institutions. At the time of the signing of the agreement, the figures of the allocated area were estimated.

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