Although highly uncertain, this figure underlines the need to prevent plastic waste from entering the sea from rivers. In particular, the brands, which are sold in these markets behind a large part of the single-use plastics that are sold in these markets, are headquartered in Europe and the United States, underscoring the need for an international approach. In addition, half of the Great Pacific Garbage Is fishing patch, underscores the need to address all sources. We recognize that Appendix V of the 1973 International Convention on the Prevention of Pollution by Ships, as amended by the 1978 Protocol (MARPOL), is an international convention dealing with plastic pollution. MARPOL, which prohibits ships from rejecting plastic at sea, was a big step forward. However, since MARPOL came into force in 1988, the oceans have not benefited from a reduction in plastic pollution. Instead, emissions accelerated at a rate equivalent to plastic production (3). This is because Appendix V is limited to sea-scale emissions and 80% of the plastic is dumped into the Sea of Semeère (3) from land. An ILBI on plastic and plastic pollution appears to be the most effective way to achieve AHEG`s recommendations and to create the coherent legal architecture needed to „cut the plastic tap” and support a shift from the current linear „use and throw” model to a circular economy model that reduces the use of new products and develops sustainable products that are designed to maximize sustainable use. reuse, repair and recycling.
At the 3rd session of the AA NATION (UNA-3), governments set up an ad hoc panel on open air hours (AHOEEG) to discuss options for dealing with the plastic pollution crisis. This group examined global governance issues, reviewed existing agreements and frameworks, and analyzed the remaining gaps and the effectiveness of existing and potential response options. The mandate of the panel was extended at UNA-4 in March 2019 to continue its work on the development of possible governance options to end pollution caused by marine plastics. Recognizing the plastics crisis as a serious and growing problem, which requires an urgent global response, United Nations Member States have launched a strengthened global action against marine plastics. Below are links to updates and information on each of these processes and the engagement efforts undertaken by CIEL and its partners in the Break Free From Plastic movement and beyond to ensure that the plastic lifecycle is included in all policy considerations.